Opioid and Opiate Addiction
Opiates and opioids are addictive substances created or synthesized from poppy plants (the plants that produce opium). Opium is used in a number of narcotic prescription medicines and is the primary ingredient in heroin. When used for medicinal purpose, opioids are drugs that must be taken under the supervision of medical professionals. Every other way of obtaining and using opiates is illegal and dangerous, and is often viewed as a contributing factor in cases of opiate dependence and addiction.
Opiates act by traveling to the brain’s opioid receptors and shifting individuals’ perception of pain, leading to an acute sense of euphoria (known as a “high”), that leads to overwhelming cravings and dependence.
Whenever a user has opiates removed from their body, the systems in the brain respond instantaneously. Within hours, the brain starts overproducing endorphins, causing physical withdrawal. Major symptoms of opiate withdrawal often begin two to three days after last use and can continue for weeks. The severity of symptoms depends on the duration and frequency of opiate use. Addicts often experience post-acute withdrawal symptoms and symptoms of psychological withdrawal and physical sickness up to six months after initial physical detoxification and withdrawal.
Physical symptoms of opiate withdrawal include:
- Joint, muscle, and bone pain
- Restless leg syndrome
Psychological symptoms of opiate withdrawal include:
- Distorted thinking
Opiate withdrawal symptoms should be managed by proper dispensation of medications aimed at lessening the severity of physical withdrawal sensations. Medications may include Subutex, Suboxone, Clinidine, and others.
The first major step anyone struggling with an opiate addiction should take is to enter a licensed opiate detox program. During detoxification, individuals are evaluated and monitored throughout the withdrawal process. Preexisting conditions and psychological problems will determine the specific treatment programs utilized in beginning the path of recovery.
At Bradford Recovery Center, we offer comprehensive opiate detox and residential rehab. Our state-of-the-art medical detox treatment facility in Northern Pennsylvania operates 24/7 and employs compassionate, experienced medical staff. Following detox, you will transition smoothly through our integrated residential treatment – ensuring the best possible chance for achieving and maintaining lifelong sobriety.
Completing opiate rehab treatment allows patients to have the opportunity to address physical and psychological issues, decrease the risk of relapse, and explore the issues underlying their addiction.
Bradford Recovery Center enables clients to make a seamless transition from opiate detoxification to residential rehab, by utilizing our uniquely tailored admission and continuing care program. Our treatment programming is customized to your individual needs and strengths and includes evidence-based and holistic therapeutic interventions and modalities, 12-step integration, recreational and experiential activities, spiritual functions, and more.